M. Gnuffi, D. Pighin, N. Sakamoto Rotors imbalance suppression by optimal control
Abstract: An imbalanced rotor is considered. A system of moving balancing masses is given. We determine the optimal movement of the balancing masses to minimize the imbalance on the rotor. The optimal movement is given by an open-loop control solving an optimal control problem posed in infinite time. By methods of the Calculus of Variations, the existence of the optimum is proved and the corresponding optimality conditions have been derived. By \L ojasiewicz inequality, we proved the convergence of the optima towards a steady configuration, as time $t\to +\infty$. This guarantees that the optimal control stabilizes the system. In case the imbalance is below a computed threshold, the convergence occurs exponentially fast. This is proved by the Stable Manifold Theorem applied to the Pontryagin optimality system. Numerical simulations have been performed, validating the theoretical results.