Seung-Yeal Ha, Dongnam Ko, Woojoo Shim, Hui Yu, . Stochastic persistency of nematic alignment state for the Justh-Krishnaprasad model with additive white noises. Math Models Methods Appl. Sci. Vol. 30, No. 04, pp. 727-763 (2020). DOI: 10.1142/S0218202520400035
Abstract. We present a stochastic Justh-Krishnaprasad flocking model describing interactions among individuals in a planar domain with their positions and heading angles. The deterministic counterpart of the proposed model describes the formation of nematic alignment in an ensemble of planar particles moving with a unit speed. When the noise is turned off, we show that the nematic alignment state, in which all heading angles are either same or the opposite, is nonlinearly stable using a Lyapunov functional approach. We employed a diameter-like functional via the rearrangement of heading angles in the 2π-interval. In contrast, under the additive noise, a continuous angle configuration will be deviated asymptotically from the nematic state. Nevertheless, in any finite-time interval, we will see that some part of angle configuration will stay close to the nematic state with a positive probability, where we call this phenomenon as stochastic persistency. We provide a quantitative estimate on the probability for stochastic persistency and compare several numerical examples with analytical results.