Phase portrait control for 1D monostable and bistable reaction-diffusion equations


Pouchol C., Trélat E., Zuazua E. Phase portrait control for 1D monostable and bistable reaction-diffusion equations. Nonlinearity, Vol. 32, No. 3 (2019). DOI: 10.1088/1361-6544/aaf07e

Abstract: We consider the problem of controlling parabolic semilinear equations arising in population dynamics, either in finite time or infinite time. These are the monostable and bistable equations on (0,L) for a density of individuals 0≤y(t,x)≤1, with Dirichlet controls taking their values in [0,1]. We prove that the system can never be steered to extinction (steady state 0) or invasion (steady state 1) in finite time, but is asymptotically controllable to 1 independently of the size L, and to 0 if the length L of the interval domain is less than some threshold value L⋆, which can be computed from transcendental integrals. In the bistable case, controlling to the other homogeneous steady state 0<θ

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