Jornada de Primavera en EDPs

Next Friday April 9, our postdoctoral researchers Carlos Esteve Yagüe and Jon Asier Bárcena Petisco will be talking at the “Jornada de Primavera en EDPs” (Spring day in EDPs) organized by the Department of Mathematics, UAM – Autonomous University of Madrid.

10:00H – 10:40H. Inverse-design problem for Hamilton-Jacobi equations, backward-forward viscosity solutions and semiconcave envelopes

By: Carlos Esteve Yagüe, UAM/CCMDeusto

Abstract. In this talk, we will consider the inverse problem of identifying the initial condition from a given solution at some positive time for evolutionary Hamilton-Jacobi equations. First of all, we will address the issue of describing the reachable set, i.e. the set of functions for which there exists at least a compatible initial condition. Secondly, we will discuss the possibility of having multiple initial conditions compatible with the given function, and we will give a way of characterizing all of them. Finally, for any given Lipschitz function, we will analyze the function obtained after solving the Hamilton-Jacobi equation backward and then forward in time. This function, which can be seen as a projection onto the reachable set, turns out to be the viscosity solution of an elliptic obstacle problem, and we refer to it as the semiconcave envelope.

Reference: The Inverse Problem for Hamilton-Jacobi equations and Semiconcave Envelopes

10:45H – 11:25H. Cost of null controllability for parabolic equations with vanishing viscosity

By: Jon Asier Bárcena Petisco, UAM/CCMDeusto
Abstract. The transport-diffusion equation with vanishing diffusivity describes the dynamics of physical and biological phenomena in which the transport dynamics dominates the diffusive dynamics. Since these systems are of parabolic nature, it is well-known that they are null controllable. However, there are many open questions on the asymptotic behaviour of the cost of null contrallability when the diffusion parameter vanishes.

In this talk we study the transport-diffusion equation with Neumann, Robin and mixed boundary conditions. The main results concern the behaviour of the cost of the null controllability when the diffusivity vanishes and the control acts in the interior. First, we prove that if we almost have Dirichlet boundary conditions in the part of the boundary in which the flux of the transport enters, the cost of the controllability decays for a time T sufficiently large. Next, we show some examples of Neumann and mixed boundary conditions in which for any time T>0 the cost explodes exponentially. Finally, we study the cost of the problem with Neumann boundary conditions when the control is localized in the whole domain.