Monge A., Zuazua E. Sparse source identification of linear diffusion–advection equations by adjoint methods. Syst. Control. Lett, vol. 145 (2020). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sysconle.2020.104801
Abstract: We present an algorithm for the time-inversion of diffusion–advection equations, based on the adjoint methodology. Given a final state distribution our main aim is to recover sparse initial conditions, constituted by a finite combination of Dirac deltas, identifying their location and mass. We discuss the strengths of the adjoint machinery and the difficulties that are to be faced, in particular when the diffusivity coefficient or the time horizon are large.